The CPHD Report 2015

The Report of the Regional Non-Governmental Organization “Council for Public Health and the Problems of Demography” for the Year 2015

 

Promoting Longevity Research 

In 2015 the CPHD has carried the Healthy Longevity for All project. The project was facilitated with grant filed in accordance with the order of the President of the Russian Federation No. 11-RP on January 17, 2014, through the grant competition of the all-Russian public organization The League of the National Health. 

The following events were organized within the framework of the project: 

On May 15, 2015 the CPHD launched a training program for NGOs, Models of the State Regulation Improvement in the Area of Innovative Health Technologies: Tools for Non-Profit Organizations, dedicated to the 170th Anniversary a founder of gerontology Ilya Mechnikov. The speakers elucidated on the relationships between state and societal interactions in the areas of fundamental and applied biogerontological research and legislative improvement.

On September 22, 2015 the CPHD held the State Policy on Aging and Age-Related Disorders Prevention Biomedical Technologies Development conference. The conference participants discussed the impact of Russian legislation on innovative medicine technology development and  implementation, as well as some cutting-edge life extending technologies.  

On September 28, 2015 the CPHD experts organized a training seminar called Healthy Longevity for Everyone in Kazan at the Republican Narcological Clinic of the Health Ministry of the Republic of Tatarstan. The training addressed methods of healthy life extension in conjunction with the dangers of tobacco and alcohol and the importance of physical activity.

On September 30, 2015, prior to the UN International Day of Older Persons, the CPHD has held  public hearings for the Aging as a Major Public Health Problem report in Moscow.

 

Work at the World Health Organization Global Strategy and Action Plan on Ageing and Health draft

On 29-30 October 2015, the CPHD’s experts Daria Khaltourina and Viktor Zykov, as well as Prof. Vladimir Anisimov, the President of Gerontological Society of the Russian Academy of Sciences, participated in Consultation on the WHO Global Strategy and Action Plan on Ageing and Health in Geneva. They promoted biomedical research facilitation for benefit of the elderly in accordance to the Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of  Non-communicable Diseases #66/2 of 19 September 2011 (the Moscow Declaration). 

 

Participation in the National Technology Initiative 

The CPHD experts have participated in the National Technology Initiative Roadmap draft composing. The CPHD experts Daria Khaltourina, Elena Milova, and Yury Matveev has contributed to the HealthNet NTI Roadmap drafting. After the final draft release, the HelathNet Roadmap will be introduced to the President and the Government of the Russian Federation, as it has been done to the previously prepared maps for other branches: AeroNet, AutoNet, and NeuroNet. 

 

The Aging Prevention for All monograph

The CPHD has developed the Aging Prevention for Everyone monograph in cooperation with Prof. Vladimir Anisimov, the President of Gerontological Society of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Associate Member of the RAS and Artyom Gil, Associate Lecturer of the I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University: 

Gil A., Milova E., Khaltourina D. (2015). Aging Prevention for All. (V. N. Anisimov, Ed.) Moscow, Russia: Uchitel. (In Russian)

These evidence-based guidelines consist of the following sections: 

  • Human lifespan dynamics in different historic ages 

  • The major mechanisms behind biological aging  

  • The key methods of healthy life extension and age-related disorder prevention (diagnostics, vaccination, geroprotective food supplements, vitamins, and medicines, healthy sleep habits, health saving diets, physical activity, smoking and alcohol abuse cessation) 

  • Recommendations for aging prevention implementation approaches at both individual and population levels 

  • The list of innovative scientific technologies, that are expected to become a significant part of the public health system and affect human life expectancy increase in the nearest future 

  • A bibliography of more than 400 sources. 

On the 25th of August the Healthy Longevity for All: Evidence Based Approaches to Aging Prevention and Healthy Life Extension training program was launched in St. Petersburg. The CPHD has originally presented the Aging Prevention for All guidelines to the broad audience. Vladimir Anisimov, the scientific editor of the monograph, and Elena Milova, an author, have spoken at the event on the evidence-based methods of health promotion and healthy life extension.

On 27 August, the CPHD hold the training Healthy Longevity for Everyone: Evidence Based Approaches to Aging Prevention and Healthy Life Prolongation at the League of the Nation Health conference hall in Moscow. The authors, Daria Khaltourina, the CPHD’s Chair of the Board, Artyom Gil, and Elena spoke at the event. The audience included non-profit organizations and activists working in the areas of longevity to healthy lifestyle promotion and the support of the elderly 

On 29 September 2015, the Healthy Longevity for All: Evidence-Based Approaches to Aging Prevention and Healthy Life Extension training was held in Volgograd. The guideline was presented by Alexandr Zakrevsky, M.D., gerontologist and geriatrist. 

 

The Russian Longevity Alliance establishment

In 2015, the CPHD has initiated the formation of a Russian civil society coalition devoted to support of longevity technologies development — the Russian Longevity Alliance

The first meeting of the RLA took place on 26 March 2015. The RLA is a coalition of nonprofits, research institutions, and activists devoted to support healthy longevity and preventative biomedical technologies. The Aging Prevention and Compensation Technologies Development in the Russian Federations: Problems and Perspectives roundtable was organized by CPHD as a the first meeting of RLA. The discussion was devoted to the preliminary results of survey of biomedical industry stakeholders on legislative barriers that prevent age-related deterioration the development of prevention technologies. 

The RLA has participated in the discussion on the Strategy on Actions for Benefit of the Elderly. On 8 July 2015, the full text of the Strategy by the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation was placed at the official website of the Ministry. 

The RLA representatives analyzed the document and decided to present a set of proposals with an intention to provide the elderly with the highest attainable standard of health. These proposals were mentioned previously by the RLA members during thematic events by the Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation and the All-Russia’s People Front (a coalition of different NGO representatives and the State Duma deputies).  

The Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation has approved the proposals of the RLA and the proposals for gerontology development of the CPHD (see The CPHD Proposals for the Strategy on Actions for Benefit of the Elderly Follow Up for further details). 

Denis Rysev, the RLA representative, has participated in the Foresight Fleet initiative (a rapid foresight project that took place on board of river ships in 2015) by the Strategic Initiatives Agency. The National Technology Initiative was the main question in the agenda. Rysev promoted two projects to be included in the NTI Roadmap draft: the necessity of classifying aging as a disease, and the necessity of stimulating biology research specifically about the topic, including clinical trials of geroprotective drugs.

The study on aging preventions R&D legislation performed by the CPHD in 2015 has shown that despite the large amount of work that was done to include the aging biology research in the list of the top-priority fields of the Russian science and technology, there still exist a huge number of laws and bylaws that remain imperfect or actively block biogerontology research. 

The CPHD has presented a set of proposals to follow the current legislation in order to support research communities and companies that develop approaches to diagnose, prevent, and reverse aging-related disorders. 

See The CPHD Complex Proposal for Legislation Follow-Up in order to Fasten Aging Biology Research for further details. 

In 2015, the CPHD experts participated in the following academic events with reports on aging-related deterioration preventing approaches: 

On 23-26 April 2015, DariaDaria Khaltourina and Elena Milova have presented the Aging as an Actual Problem of the Public Healthcare Problem report at the 8th Congress of the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics European Region held in Dublin, Ireland.  

On 9 July 2015, Daria Khaltourina has presented the Biomedical Innovative Development as a State Priority in the Field of Active Longevity report at the New Horizons of Reproductive Health International forum in Moscow. 

December 15 2015: Daria participated in the Summing up meeting of the National Academy of Active Longevity (an independent nonprofit organization). 

 

Research 

In 2015, the CPHD, researchers and activists started the second crowdfunding round for the Methuselah Mouse project. This research is conducted in cooperation with the St. Petersburg State Chemical and Pharmaceutical Academy of the Russian Ministry of Health of Russia and is devoted to studying efficacy of perspective geroprotective drugs in mice. The crowdfunding lasted from April to July; the medicines were purchased in September with the help of many caring people. The experiment started in the autumn of 2014, its further progress will be broadcasted to the general audience. The CPHD wishes to thank all the activists for their support, Alexey Moskalev and Alexandr Fedintsev for their scientific support, and Elena Milova and Nikita Neminushchiy for their organizing support. We would like to express our special gratitude to Alexey Petikov, a businessman and  sponsorship partner, and his wife for their significant contribution to the project.

 

 

Tobacco Control 

In 2015, the CPHD experts Victor Zykov and Daria Khaltourina continued their work in the Coordination Council for Tobacco Control by the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, anti-smoking tobacco control activities in mass media.

 

They participated in international negotiations on reworking tobacco pictorial health warning development and parameters of their application. The CPHD experts consistently demand effective health warning labels implementation. New graphic warnings were developed by the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation in accordance to the Technical Regulations on Tobacco Product of the Custom Union and approved by the Coordination Council. They are now waiting for the approval of the Eurasian Economic Commission.

In 2015, the CPHD experts demanded significant tobacco tax increases and opposed the initiative for slowing down tobacco tax increase within the Eurasian Economic Union. 

On 27 May 2015, Victor Zykov and Daria Khaltourina participated in the Smoking Ban in Airports public hearings in the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation. They promoted further continuation of smoking ban in airports and railway stations as well as the National Anti-Tobacco Advocacy Coalition and public healthcare representatives. Unfortunately, the results of the proceedings were misrepresented at the website of the Public Chamber. They did not reflect the point of view of the pro-health community. 

In 2015 the CPHD opposed the initiative for the repeal of the smoking ban in summer cafes. This initiative was rejected by the State Duma. 

The CPHD actively promoted the total ban on waterpipes (shisha) in public places. 

The CPHD experts presented a set of proposals for banning the production and sale of flavored cigarettes, advertising placements on the cigarette packs, as well as for tobacco tax hike as a part of a new national tobacco control Concept. 

In 2015 the CPHD actively promoted non-smoking tobacco ban, including innovative tobacco use technics (vaping), to prevent smoking ban evasion. 

In 2015, the CPHD continued its work on busting tobacco lobbyists’ myth (see the link for further details). 

On 26 November 2015 the CPHD experts Victor Zykov and Daria Khaltourina at the scientific, practical, and educational tobacco control conference of the Central Federal District. It was organized by the Ministry of Health of the Tver region, Tver Medical State Academy, and Tver Association "Healthy Regions". 

In December 2015 Victor Zykov spoke at a seminar of the World Health Organization, which took place in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan and was devoted to the implementation of the WHO Framework on Tobacco Control. Victor spoke about the Russian experience in the implementation of the measures to prevent tobacco second-hand smoke exposure and to reduce tobacco consumption. The seminar was attended by specialists from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan, as well as representatives of the WHO headquarters and tobacco control programme of the WHO Regional Office for Europe.

 

Preventing Alcohol Related Mortality  

On 13 January 2015, gazeta.ru published a lecture by CPHD experts about the problems of the state alcohol policy. On 13 January 2015, the polit.ru portal published an article by the CPHD experts “The Impending Alcohol Catastrophe and How to Prevent It”. 

In 2015, Victor Zykov, and Daria Khaltourina became members of the Working Group on Reduction of Alcoholic Beverages Abuse and Alcoholism Prevention among the Population by the Government Commission on Improving Competition and Regulation of the Alcohol Market. 

Daria Khaltourina was awarded the N. I. Pirogov medal by the International Academy of Sobriety.  

The CPHD consistently supports alcohol tax increases, especially for strong liquors, and it actively broadcasts the ideas about the benefits of excise taxes increases, as well as about the negative consequences of decisions on the freezing of excise duty and reduction of minimum prices on alcoholic beverages in 2015 in the media. 

On September 7, 2015 the CPHD expert Andrey Korotayev published the article “Financial-Economic Crises and Mortality”.  

On May 11, 2015 Daria Khaltourina and Andrey Korotayev published the article “Effects of Specific Alcohol Control Policy Measures on Alcohol-Related Mortality in Russia from 1998 to 2013” according to the results of the Monitoring of the Socio-Political Instability Risks at the Context of the Global Destabilization Processes project (2015). 

In 2015, the CPHD experts took part in the campaign against adoption of the amendments to the Rules of Remote Sales and initiated a petition against the legalization of remote sale of alcohol at the Internet site Change.org. 

In December 2015 expert Artyom Gil held the seminar "Alcohol Surrogates Market Research in Russia" in Kazan, where he talked about the problems of consumption of medicines containing alcohol, alcohol-containing perfume, cosmetic products, and food additives in Russia, and proposed solutions to these problems.

 

 

Positive Social Policy Changes Support 

The CPHD experts Daria Khaltourina and Andrey Korotayev became part of the Working Group “Social Policy and the Quality of Social Services Improvement” under the Expert Council under the Government of the Russian Federation. 

The experts advocated providing additional opportunities for work schedule regulation for parents with younger children like the laws of Australia and other countries in the framework of the Working Group.  

May 26, 2015 the experts spoke the Demographic Development of the Far East of Russia, where they presented their studies on several scenarios of demographic development of the region. 

On 6 September 2015, Daria Khaltourina attended the Health Forum of the All-Russian People’s Front in Moscow. She raised the questions of state policy development on tobacco control and alcohol abuse, problems with iodine deficiency measures, as well as the need for further health system reform.